Three Main Theories of Technology and Society

Technology is the collective term for any methods, systems, techniques, methods, or procedures utilized in the development of products or services or for the achievement of specific goals, including scientific research. One way of looking at technology is that it is a way of thinking. In business, technology is responsible for everything from the intricate production process of complex machines to the efficient design of a new computer chip. While technology in business can be difficult to track and analyze because there are so many different elements and processes involved, it is important to remember that technology in business does affect everything that has to do with business.


One example is the field of technology itself, which is technically a subset of science, and which has developed in various ways over time. Some branches of science have become closely associated with one another, while others are independent branches. The most common examples of this phenomenon are disciplines such as physics and engineering, which often train future generation scientists and engineers. In most cases, however, the fields of technology and sciences are unrelated, especially when it comes to the question of how new technologies are developed.

In its most broad sense, technology is the combination of ideas and methods to solve particular problems. Technological innovations may include the discovery of new materials, devices, processes, and/or strategies, and these innovations can potentially alter how society works. For example, the word technology is frequently used to describe new processes, inventions, and discoveries that have broadened the scope of human activity. In this way, technological systems tend to be categorized into one of three general areas: engineering, technology, and software. Within each of these three categories, new technologies are constantly coming up; innovations in technology are categorized according to their ability to provide solutions to particular human challenges.

The second branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment is called scientific knowledge. Scientific knowledge is frequently used as a source of information to solve practical problems. For example, if a group of scientists discover a way to create energy using magnetism, they will have developed a scientific method of harnessing this new form of power. In most cases, the method has been described and is now routinely used to solve practical problems.

Another branch of knowledge that concerns applied sciences is known as industrial arts. This includes such fields as art, architecture, and science, which rely on the activities of people to create and produce art, science, and architecture that help to understand and utilize the physical world in order to solve practical problems. Applied science and the industrial arts often cross over to provide insights into the ways in which technological innovations are affecting society. This article briefly covers the branch of knowledge that addresses applied science.

Cultural Studies considers how culture relates to technology. Cultural models interpret technological objects as representative of social reality. By contrast, the more materialist school of thought maintains that technology is nothing more than the accumulation of mass-produced objects designed for a specific function. The cultural approach attempts to describe how technological objects increase the level of social interaction in a society. Schatzberg’s model provides an analytical category that can be used to classify three broad theories on the relation between culture and technology.